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2016年全国高考英语1卷即乙卷阅读理解A篇翻译与讲解



本文主要向读者介绍了四名在各自领域里有着杰出贡献的女性。
分别为:致力于帮助穷人与和平的简·亚当斯;
环境保护运动的先锋蕾切尔·卡逊;
第一位加入美国最高法院的桑德拉奥康纳;
争取美国黑人权利的 罗莎·帕克斯。


2016年全国高考英语1卷即乙卷阅读理解A篇

      You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years? 
      你也许知道玛丽.居里是谁,但是你可能没听说过蕾切尔•卡逊。以下列举出了杰出女性里,你认为谁是过去的100年里最重要的女性?
Jane Addams(1860-1935)简•亚当斯
      Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. 
      任何一个被社工帮助过的人都应该感谢简亚当斯。简亚当斯帮助贫困的人和致力于和平。
      She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need. 
      她通过建立收容所,推进教育和为有需要的人提供服务来提倡社区群体意识。
      In 1931, Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
      在1931年,亚当斯成为第一位获得诺贝尔和平奖的美国女性。
Rachel Carson(1907-1964)   蕾切尔•卡逊
      If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. 
      如果不是蕾切尔•卡逊,可能就不会有今天的环境保护运动。
      Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans. 
      她广受欢迎的1962年的书《寂静的春天》提高了人们对污染的危害的意识和化学物质对人类及世界的湖泊和海洋的不良影响。
Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present) 桑德拉奥康纳
      When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman。
      当桑德拉奥康纳在1952年以班级第三的成绩毕业于斯坦福大学法学院时,因为她是一名女性,她无法在法律事务所找到工作。. 
      She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and, in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
      在1981年,作为第一位加入美国最高法院的女性,她成为亚利桑那州的一名参议员。在最高法院工作的24年里,奥康纳在很多重要的案件里给出决定性的一票。
Rosa Parks(1913-2005) 罗莎•帕克斯
      On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. 
      1955年12月1日,蒙哥马利的阿拉巴马,在公交车上罗莎帕克斯拒绝给一名白人乘客让座。
      Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott. 
      她很平常的这一行为让她进了监狱。但是它也导致了蒙哥马利的抵制公交车运动。
      It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.
      这一行动持续一年多,并且引发了美国人权运动。帕克斯说“我唯一不能忍受的是屈服之累”。
 
21. What is Jane Addams noted for in history? 
      A. Her social work. B. Her teaching skills. 
      C. Her efforts to win a prize. D. Her community background. 
22. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm? 
      A. Her lack of proper training in law.      B. Her little work experience in court.
      C. The discrimination against women.       D. The poor financial conditions. 
23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?
      A. Jane Addams.          B. Rachel Carson.     
      C. Sandra Day O’Connor.    D. Rosa Parks.  
24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text? 
      A. They are highly educated.     B. They are truly creative. 
      C. They are pioneers.             D. They are peace-lovers.