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2016年全国高考英语2卷即甲卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析

本文属于记叙文。讲述了作者通过让学生拼装玩具发现并鼓励学生的创造性和想象力。问题里的段落大意题需要认真把整个段落读完,并且格外注意开头句和结尾句。猜词题需要仔细看词汇所在句子的上下句。本篇文章难度不大。

2016年全国高考英语2卷即甲卷阅读理解B
      Five years ago, when I taught art at a school in Seattle, I used Tinkertoys as a test at the beginning of a term to find out something about my students. 
      五年前,当我在西雅图一个中学教授美术课时,在一个学期的开始,我用万能工匠作为一个测试,来了解我所教的学生情况。
      I put a small set of Tinkertoys in front of each student, and said:”Make something out of the Tinkertoys. You have 45 minutes today - and 45minutes each day for the rest of the week.”
      我在每一个学生面前放置了一套小型的万能工匠,说:‘用万能工匠做个东西。你们今天有45分钟去做,这一周接下来的每一天也有45分钟去做。
      A few students hesitated to start. They waited to see the rest of the class would do. Several others checked the instructions and made something according to one of the model plans provided. 
      一些学生不愿意开始去做。他们等着看其他的学生做。其他的几个学生查看用法说明,然后根据提供的模型示意图做东西。
      Another group built something out of their own imaginations.
      Once I had a boy who worked experimentally with Tinkertoys in his free time. His constructions filled a shelf in the art classroom and a good part of his bedroom at home. 
      另一组学生用他们自己的想象力建造。
      曾经我有个学生在他的空闲时间拼装玩具。他的建造物装满了美术教师的一个架子和他家里卧室的一角。
      I was delighted at the presence of such a student.
      我很高兴我能有这样一个学生。
      Here was an exceptionally creative mind at work. His presence meant that I had an unexpected teaching assistant in class whose creativity would infect(感染) other students.
      他的非凡的具有创作力的思想在发挥作用。他的存在意味着我有了一个意料之外的教学助理,他的创作力会感染其他的学生。
      Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside. I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking. 
      鼓励这种思想有一个缺点。我冒着肯能失去那些有着不同思维方式的学生的风险。
      Without fail one would declare, ”But I’m just not creative.”
      一定会有学生说:“但是我就是没有创造力啊。”
      “Do you dream at night when you’re asleep?”
      “当你晚上睡着的时候,你做梦吗?”
      “Oh, sure.”
      “当然了”。
      “So tell me one of your most interesting dreams.” The student would tell something wildly imaginative. 
      “那就告诉我一个你最有趣的梦”。这个学生就会告诉我一件极其富有想象力的事。
      Flying in the sky or in a time machine or growing three heads. “That’s pretty creative. Who does that for you?”
      在天空飞翔或者在时间机器里或者长出三个脑袋。“太有想象力了。谁给你想出来的?”
      “Nobody. I do it.”
      “没谁,是我自己想的”
      “Really-at night, when you’re asleep?”
      “真的呀,在你晚上睡觉的时候?”
      “Sure.”
      “是的”
      “Try doing it in the daytime, in class, okay?”
      “那试着白天在课堂上也这么想,好吗”