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2016年全国高考英语2卷即甲卷阅读理解D篇翻译与解析

本文稍有难度。主要讲述了一组照片集让一次不成功的南极航行重见天日的故事。这艘船名叫“持久号”打算用狗拉雪橇横穿南极大陆, 但没有成功。文章最后作者写道,冒险即使在当时也是一种商业活动。

2016年全国高考英语2卷即甲卷阅读理解D篇
      A new collection of photos brings an unsuccessful Antarctic voyage back to life.
      一组新的照片集让一次不成功的南极航行重见天日。
      Frank Hurley’s pictures would be outstanding----undoubtedly first-rate photo-journalism---if they had been made last week. In fact,they were shot from 1914 through 1916, most of them after a disastrous shipwreck(海滩), by a cameraman who had no reasonable expectation of survival. Many of the images were stored in an ice chest, under freezing water, in the damaged wooden ship.
      弗兰克的照片是出色的,在新闻界无疑是一流的,即使他们是在上周被拍摄的话。事实上,这些照片摄于1914年到1916年间,大多数是摄于一次海难之后,拍摄者为一名意外幸存下来的摄影师。这些图片很多都被存储在被损坏的木船里的一个冰柜里,木船躺在冰冷的海域里。
      The ship was the Endurance, a small, tight, Norwegian-built three-master that was intended to take Sir Ernest Shackleton and a small crew of seamen and scientists, 27 men in all, to the southernmost shore of Antarctica’s Weddell Sea. 
      这艘船名叫“持久号”,一艘小的,紧密的建于挪威的三桅船,沙克尔顿和一小组船员及科学家,共计27人计划乘这艘船去南极洲的威德尔海的最南端海岸。
      From that point Shackleton wanted to force a passage by dog sled(雪橇) across the continent. The journey was intended to achieve more than what Captain Robert Falcon Scott had done.
      从那里,沙克尔顿打算用狗拉雪橇横穿南极大陆。这次旅行意欲超过罗伯特斯考特所取得的探险记录。
      Captain Scott had reached the South Pole early in 1912 but had died with his four companions on the march back.
      斯考特在1912年初到达了南极,但是他和他的四名同伴在返程的途中丧生。
      As writer Caroline Alexander makes clear in her forceful and well-researched story The Endurance, adventuring was even then a thoroughly commercial effort. Scott’s last journey, completed as he lay in a tent dying of cold and hunger, caught the world’s imagination, and a film made in his honor drew crowds. 
      正如作家卡洛琳在她的有影响力的精心研究的传纪“持久号”里阐述的,冒险即使在那时也是一种完全的商业活动。斯考特的最后一次行程,以他躺在帐篷里,死于寒冷和饥饿而结束,引起全世界人的无限遐想,为了纪念他而拍的电影吸引了很多人。
      Shackleton, a onetime British merchant-navy officer who had got to within 100 miles of the South Pole in 1908, started a business before his 1914 voyage to make money from movie and still photography. 
      沙克尔顿,一名前英国商船队官员,在1908年到达了离南极极点不到100英里。在他的1914年的航行之前,他就开始了他的事业赚钱,拍电影和静物摄影。
      Frank Hurley, a confident and gifted Australian photographer who knew the Antarctic, was hired to make the images, most of which have never before been published.
      弗兰克,一位自信的有天分的了解南极澳大利亚摄影师,被雇佣拍摄这些照片,照片的大多数之前从未发表过。