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2015年全国高考英语2卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析



2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标II卷
阅读理解  B
Your house may have an effect on your figure. Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off . You can make your environment work for you instead of against you . Here are some ways to turn your home into part of diet plan.
你的房子可能对你的身材产生影响。专家认为你设计房子的方式可能对于你是长肉还是甩肉起着重要作用。你可以让你的居住环境对你(减肥)有利,而不是不利。以下的几个方法能让你的家变成节食计划的一部分。
Open the curtains and turn up the lights . Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating , for people are often less self-conscious(难为情)when they’re in poorly lit places---and so more likely to eat lots of food . If your home doesn’t have enough window light, get more lamps and flood the place with brightness.
拉开窗帘,调大光线。昏暗的环境更易导致暴食,因为当人们处在照明差的地方时,会感到不那么难为情,因此会更容易吃的多。如果你的家里没有足够的自然光,那就多装点灯,照亮你的家吧。
Mind the colors. Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites . In one study, people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room. Warm colors like yellow make food appear more appetizing , while cold colors make us feel less hungry . So when it’s time to repaint, go blue.
注意颜色。研究表明暖色可以刺激人的食欲。在一项研究里,在蓝色房间里吃饭的人们吃的比在黄色或红色房间里吃饭的人们要少吃百分之33。像黄色这样的暖色可以使食物看起来更加的诱人,而冷色会让人们感觉不那么饿。因此当你要重新粉刷房子时,选择蓝色吧。
Don’t forget the clock-or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes, And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down, turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.
不要忽略钟表或者收音机。吃饭慢的人往往会比吃饭快的人每餐少摄入70卡路里。开始记录吃饭时间吧,尽量让进餐时间持续30分钟。当你吃饭时,说真的,坐下来吃吧。如果你需要借助外力帮你放慢吃饭速度,那就打开令人轻松的音乐。它会让你不那么容易狼吞虎咽了。
Downsize the dishes. Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one ,total intake(摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we’ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.
缩小餐具。大的碗和盘子很容易就让人们发胖。相对于用10英寸的盘子,当使用12英寸的盘子进餐时,我们会多摄入百分之22的食物。当我们选择大勺子而不是小勺子时,总摄入量会暴涨百分之14.相对于又高又细的杯子,当使用又矮又粗的杯子时,我们会多倒入百分之30的饮料或酒。
 
25.The text is especially helpful for those who care about_______.
    A. their home comforts
    B. their body shape
    C. house buying
    D. healthy diets
26.A home environment in blue can help people_________.
    A.digest food better
    B.reduce food intake
    C.burn more calories
    D.regain their appetites
27.What are people advised to do at mealtimes?
    A.Eat quickly.
    B.Play fast music.
    C.Use smaller spoons.
    D.Turn down the lights.
28.What can be a suitable title for the test?
    A.Is Your Hourse Making You Fat?
    B.Ways of Serving Dinner
    C.Effects of Self-Consciousness
    D.Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?