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英语语法之形容词和副词比较级用法01

形容词&副词比较级的用法1
(1) I’m taller than you. 
  I study better than you.
表示两者之间比较时,常用"形容词&副词比较级+than"句型,翻译成“A比B更...”
表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语,如even、a lot、a bit、a little、still、much、far、yet等修饰。不能用very,quite,so,too,rather放在比较级前面,它们只能用来修饰原级。
He is less tall than his brother.
I eat less than you do.
---How much is your dress?
---It’s less than 100 RMB.
“Less... than”, 意思为“不如...”“比...少”“少于”
 He is too /very tired.
 Your mother looks healthier than before. 你妈妈看上去比以前健康了.
 I'm less interested in football than you. 我没有你对足球感兴趣.
 This room is less beautiful than that one.  这个房间没有那个房间大。
 She works even harder than before.  她工作比以前更加努力了。
注: 在含有比较级的句子里,为了避免重复,我们通常用that,those,one,ones代替前面出现的名词。
one,ones既可指人又可指物。one只能代替可数名词的单数, ones只能代替可数名词的复数。
That可替代可数名词单数,也可替代不可数名词。that作替代词,只能指物,不能指人。
those作替代词,既可指物,也可指人,只能代替可数名词的复数。翻译成“那些。。。的人”,“那些。。。的物”。如:
The boy is much taller than that one.
The book  is more interesting than that。
The hamburgers on the table are bigger than those in the kitchen。
(2)  比较级的其它用法和句式
You are taller and taller.
She is becoming more and more beautiful.
① “比较级+ 比较级”,译为“越来越...”
    “more and more+原级”,译为“越来越……”. 如:
The park is getting more and more beautiful. 这个公园变得越来越美了.
China has become stronger and stronger. 中国已变得越来越强大了.
② The more you eat, the fatter you are. So eat less.
“The +比较级…the+比较级”意为 “越……就越…….”.  如:
The more books we read, the cleverer we will become. 我们读的书越多,就会变得越聪明.
The harder you study, the better your English will be. 你越用功学习,英语越好。
The sooner, the better. 越早越好.
③  Who is the taller of the twins?
当要特指两者中“较(更)…”时,要在比较级前加the, 常见句型为:
 A +be动词+the +比较级 of the two (+名词)。如:
Mary is the more beautiful of the two.玛丽是这两个人当中较美丽的.
④ My daughter is more beautiful than any other girl in the world.
  My dog is cuter than the other dogs.
  She studies harder than anyone else in her class.
"主语 + 比较级 + than any other +可数名词单数"
  "主语 + 比较级 + than the other 可数名词复数"
  “主语+ 比较级+ than anyone else
  以上结构都是用比较级形式表示最高级含义。
如: Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.上海是中国最大的城市。
    Yao Ming is taller than any other boy in his class. 
姚明比他班上其他任何一个男孩都高.
She is more beautiful than anyone else in her class.
He’s nicer than any other boy that ever lived.
⑤   I can’t be more happier.
     ---Can’t you run faster? The dog is chasing us.
     ---I can’t run faster.
No, not , never 之类的否定词与形容词或副词的比较级连用,表示最高级含义。意为"再没有比......更......"。如:
I could not agree more. 我非常赞同。
It is not a better idea. 这是一个再好不过的办法。

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