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英语语法之形容词和副词比较级用法02

形容词&副词比较级的难点:
1) My car is no bigger than yours.
"no + 比较级 + than ..."结构表示对两个比较对象都进行否定(可以用neither ... nor ... 结构来改写)。如:
This computer is no better than yours. 这台电脑并不比你的好。
(相当于Neither this computer nor yours is good.)
扩展:no less...than 意为 “不比……差” “与……一样”,强调两者具有同等性。如:He is no less wise than you. 他跟你一样聪明(他并不比你笨)。
Stop showing off.  I have no less money than you.
2) "not + 比较级 + than ..."结构表示“不比,不如…”,表示在程度上前者不如后者。注意和“no+比较级+than”结构的区别。如:
He is not taller than me.
This book is not more interesting than that one.
这本书不如那本书有趣。(相当于The book is less interesting than that one.)
3) Her eyes are bigger than beautiful.
"比较级 + than + 形容词",意为"更多的是...而不是...”或“与其......倒不如......"。如:
She is stronger than fat.
He was much luckier than clever. 与其说他聪明,倒不如说他运气好。
4)  “more  A  than  B.” (与其说是B不如说是A,是A而不是B)句型中。
I am more hard-working than lucky. 与其说我幸运,不如说我努力。
This is more a romance movie than a war movie.这更应当说是一部爱情片,而不是战争片。
注; “less  A  than  B”(与其说是A不如说是B)
He is less thirty than hungry.  与其说他渴,不如说他饿。
5)  Your cooking is so bad that I would rather die than eat your dish.
"would rather ... than” 表示"宁愿......而不......”
prefer ... to ...表示“喜欢......胜过...... ”
prefer to do ... rather than ... 表示“宁愿做......而不愿做.....”。如:
She would rather die than give in. 她宁死不屈。
I prefer playing basketball to going to the cinema. 我宁愿打篮球也不愿去看电影。
He prefers to go out rather than stay home. 他宁愿出去也不愿呆在家里。

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